Cooking & Conversation

Join the OIF this holiday season for a two-part food, cooking, nutrition and health series with Culinary Nutritionist + Author of What The Fork Are You Eating, Stefanie Sacks, MS, CNS, CDN!

?️Part 1: December 2nd, 7pm ET

Education Around the Table (EAT) is an opportunity to address your food lifestyle related questions and concerns. So bring your thoughts to the table because nothing is off-limits! Register for Part 1 now at

?️Part 2: December 6th, 7pm ET

Edible Invitation: Clean Cooking, Clean Eating Stefanie will lead a cooking demo and dialogue with OI community member Susie Wilson as her cooking partner! Stefanie will explore adaptable culinary techniques, one-pot meals, food storage ideas and so much more. All skill sets are welcome from beginners to self-proclaimed master chefs! Register for Part 2 now at Recipe can be found here.

COVID-19 Vaccine Update Virtual Session

OIF Virtual Session: COVID-19 Vaccine Update

On November 17, 2021, Dr. Robert Sandhaus (pulmonologist and OIF Medical Advisory Council member) was joined by Admiral Rachel Levine, MD (Assistant Secretary of Health, US Department of Health and Human Services) to share COVID-19 vaccination news and guidelines for people with osteogenesis imperfecta. Watch the recording of this session at

More OI Foundation resources can be found in the COVID-19 Toolkit.



Consortium Spotlight: BBDC

This month, the Brittle Bone Disorders Consortium was featured as the Consortium Spotlight by the Rare Diseases Clinical Research Network.

The Brittle Bone Disorders Consortium is part of the National Institutes of Health Rare Diseases Clinical Research Network. It is a multi-center program that focuses on understanding and providing better treatment options for all types of osteogenesis imperfecta (OI).

Consortium Spotlight: Advancing Discoveries in Brittle Bone Disorders:

The Brittle Bone Disorders Consortium (BBDC) brings together physicians, researchers, and educators to learn more about osteogenesis imperfecta (OI), a genetic disorder that mainly affects the development of the bones. The goal is to develop new and better treatments for patients with OI. Here, principal investigator Brendan Lee, MD, PhD, and Vernon Sutton, MD, share the history of the consortium, current research, and future plans.
Click here to read more.

Early-Stage Investigator Spotlight: Chaya Nautiyal Murali Gets Creative with Osteogenesis Imperfecta Research:

Chaya Nautiyal Murali, MD, is a pediatric geneticist at Baylor College of Medicine and a member of the Brittle Bone Disorders Consortium (BBDC). She is also an accomplished essayist, using her creative writing skills to highlight themes of identity, inheritance, and family through the lenses of immigration and genetics. Here, she shares her start in rare disease research, exciting discoveries, and future goals.
Click here to read more.

Patient Spotlight: Fynan Family Fueled by OI Research

Michelle Fynan, PhD, LMHC, is a mother of two daughters, age seven and four. She and her daughters are diagnosed with osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) type I, the mildest form of OI, which is characterized by bone fractures that often result from minor trauma. Here, Michelle shares her journey with OI, from adolescent struggles to finding her purpose as an OI activist and researcher.
Click here to read more.

Patient Advocate Spotlight: Tracy Hart Fosters Connections to Help Patients with Osteogenesis Imperfecta

Tracy Hart, chief executive officer of the Osteogenesis Imperfecta Foundation, serves as chair of the RDCRN’s Coalition of Patient Advocacy Groups.
Click here to read more.



OIF E-Newsletter: November 2021

The OIF’s November E-Newsletter is here!

Read about upcoming virtual events for OI community members, current OI research studies, the OIF Conference survey, and supporting the OIF this holiday season at!


To subscribe to emails from the OI Foundation, please visit


Meet OIF Michael Geisman Fellow: Dr. Francesca Tonelli

Meet Dr. Francesca Tonelli, OIF Michael Geisman Fellow

By: Gabriela Beug, OIF Science and Media Communications Intern

As osteogenesis imperfecta is a rare bone disease, research grants remain difficult to acquire worldwide. The Osteogenesis Imperfecta Foundation makes research a priority through the Michael Geisman Fellowship program (created in memory of Michael Geisman, son of OI Foundation founder Gemma Geisman), which funds post-doctoral trainees whose research aims to predict, prevent, diagnose, and treat osteogenesis imperfecta (OI).

With the support of the Michael Geisman Fellowship program, awardees work to develop new approaches for therapies targeting OI. In the developmental stages, therapies are first tested on animal models (i.e. mice, zebrafish) before passing the requirements to move on to clinical trials. Studying diseases requires organisms with the same morphological and biochemical properties as well as a similar genome to humans. Both mice and zebrafish have a high level of genetic conservation – meaning a large part of their genome is identical to humans. While in zebrafish this number is around 70%, in mice it averages around 85%.  Mice and zebrafish offer an alternative to relying on human samples to test hypotheses, especially for rare bone disease where access to samples is limited.

The OI Foundation is proud to support Dr. Francesca Tonelli of University of Pavia in Pavia, Italy.

“I believe it is a unique experience to study a rare disease and I wish every scientist could have this opportunity at some point in their career. Even if I enjoy the individual aspects of lab work like creating animal models, the research in the OI field makes me feel like I will support other people and it is personally very rewarding. It’s the interaction with an individual with OI  and  the hope of finding a cure for them that make me passionate and persistent in testing new hypotheses until we can develop a cure.” Dr. Francesca Tonelli

Francesca Tonelli obtained her bachelor’s degree in medical and pharmaceutical biotechnology from the University of Pavia in Pavia, Italy in 2012 and continued in the same field, completing her master’s degree in 2014. Her journey with osteogenesis imperfecta began by characterizing the dominant OI zebrafish model Chihuahua, which at the time was a new model for studying osteogenesis imperfecta. During her PhD she generated several new recessive OI zebrafish models by CRISPR Cas9 gene editing technique. In 2017, Tonelli received her Ph.D. in biomedical sciences under Dr. Antonella Forlino’s supervision. Continuing under her mentorship for her postdoctoral training, she is now applying her training to research in osteogenesis imperfecta. In her free time, Dr. Tonelli likes to read, kickbox, or scuba dive.

Areas of Expertise

  • Crispr-Cas9 gene editing
  • Designing, cloning, transcribing CRISPR constructs
  • Generating zebrafish models to investigate skeletal diseases
  • Drug screening: 4-PBA

It is well established that cellular stress is one of the main factors contributing to the osteogenesis imperfecta disease, which disrupts the homeostasis (the “well-being” of cells), leading to protein misfolding. The novel finding of Dr. Tonelli led to identifying chemical compounds such as 4-phenylbutyrate (4-PBA), a drug approved for urea cycle disorders whose beneficial chaperone activity also aids in ameliorating the bone phenotype of OI in the dominant and the recessive zebrafish model.

Her research now focuses on the study of bone formation, thanks to the zebrafish’s ability to regenerate the caudal fin. Caudal fin regeneration essentially mimics the dermal bone formation process similarly as it would occur during the human bone growth. Caudal fin regeneration can be exploited also to test the effect of new potential drugs.

Although 4-PBA has been identified as a potential therapeutic target, steps remain to transition from the lab to the translation in patients. Dr. Tonelli’s next step is to test a chemically modified version of 4-PBA, which would increase drug stability, specifically targeting bone tissue, making it more friendly for clinical trials in the future.

Selected Publications:

  • Zebrafish: A Resourceful Vertebrate Model to Investigate Skeletal Disorders. Tonelli F, Bek JW, Besio R, De Clercq A, Leoni L, Salmon P, Coucke PJ, Willaert A, Forlino A. Front Endocrinol 2020 doi: 10.3389/fendo.2020.00489
  • Novel RPL13 variants and variable clinical expressivity in a human ribosomopathy with spondyloepimetaphyseal dysplasia. Costantini A, Alm JJ, Tonelli F, Valta H, Huber C, Tran AN, Daponte V, Kirova N, Kwon YU, Bae JY, Chung WY, Tan S, Sznajer Y, Nishimura G, Näreoja T, Warren AJ, Cormier-Daire V, Kim OH, Forlino A, Cho TJ, Mäkitie O. J Bone Miner Res 2020 doi: 10.1002/jbmr.4177
  • Crtap and p3h1 knock out zebrafish support defective collagen chaperoning as the cause of their osteogenesis imperfecta phenotype. Tonelli F, Cotti S, Leoni L, Besio R, Gioia R, Marchese L, Giorgetti S, Gistelinck C, Wagener R, Kobbe B, Larionova D, Fiedler I.A.K., Busse B, Eyre D, Rossi A, Witten PE, Forlino A. Matrix Biology 2020, (90): 40-60. doi: 10.1016/j.matbio.2020.03.004
  • Bone biology: insights from osteogenesis imperfecta and related rare fragility syndromes.
    Besio R, Chow CW, Tonelli F, Marini JC, Forlino A. FEBS J. 2019, (15):3033-3056. doi: 10.1111/febs.14963.
  • Steady-State and Pulse-Chase Analyses of Fibrillar Collagen. Forlino A, Tonelli F, Besio R. Methods Mol Biol. 2019;(1952):45-53. doi: 10.1007/978-1-4939-9133-4_4.
  • Zebrafish Collagen Type I: Molecular and Biochemical Characterization of the Major Structural Protein in Bone and Skin.Gistelinck C, Gioia R, Gagliardi A, Tonelli F, Marchese L, Bianchi L, Landi C, Bini L, Huysseune A, Witten PE, Staes A, Gevaert K, De Rocker N, Menten B, Malfait F, Leikin S, Carra S, Tenni R, Rossi A, De Paepe A, Coucke P, Willaert A, Forlino A. Sci Rep. 2016, (6):21540.
  • The chaperone activity of 4PBA ameliorates the skeletal phenotype of Chihuahua, a zebrafish model for dominant osteogenesis imperfecta. Gioia R.*, Tonelli F.*, Ceppi I., Biggiogera M., Leikin S., Fisher S., Tenedini E., Yorgan T.A., Schinke T., Tian K., Schwartz J.M., Forte F., Wagener R., Villani S., Rossi A. and Forlino A. Hum Mol Genet 2017, (26):2897-2911. * first co-authors

Complete the OIF Conference Survey

Should the OIF hold an in-person Conference in July?

The OIF is still evaluating the possibility of holding an in-person 2022 National Conference in Orlando, Florida, and would like to hear if you would attend in-person. The safety and comfort of our community is very important to us, and your input helps us make the best planning decisions.

Please take a moment to complete the OIF’s Conference Survey at

Check out the OIF’s NEW Unbreakable Spirit® Apparel!

Thank you to everyone who participated in the first-ever OIF Unbreakable Spirit® T-shirt Contest! ?This year’s winner is Dottie Ruhlig with her Unbreakable Spirit® watercolor design. Congratulations, Dottie!

CLICK HERE to Order Your Shirt Today!

The OIF’s online apparel store has NEW store items!
Support the OIF and order a few extra items as holiday gifts or build your Unbreakable Spirit® wardrobe in time for National OI Awareness Week in May! Click here to shop!


Update from the CDC on Pediatric COVID-19 Vaccine  

The OIF’s Medical Advisory Council recommends following the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) COVID-19 guidelines. The COVID-19 Toolkit is an ever-evolving resource, and it is our goal to provide community members with the most up to date medically verified information. The  CDC  released the media statement  CDC Recommends Pediatric COVID-19 Vaccine for Children 5 to 11 Years on Tuesday, November 3,  2021  which notes the following:  

Today, CDC Director Rochelle P. Walensky, M.D., M.P.H., endorsed the CDC Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices’ (ACIP) recommendation that children 5 to 11 years old be vaccinated against COVID-19 with the Pfizer-BioNTech pediatric vaccine. CDC now expands vaccine recommendations to about 28 million children in the United States in this age group and allows providers to begin vaccinating them as soon as possible. (Source: CDC Recommends Pediatric COVID-19 Vaccine for Children 5 to 11 Years) 

We encourage you to read the press release in its entirety at: CDC Recommends Pediatric COVID-19 Vaccine for Children 5 to 11 Years

Additional Resources: 

The  CDC  webpage section titled  COVID-19 Vaccines for Children and Teens includes information on vaccine dosage, preparation, side effect and much more.   

Upcoming  OIF Virtual Session: COVID-19 Vaccine Update

Please be sure to register for the upcoming OIF Virtual Session: COVID-19 Vaccine Update on  November 17, 2021 at 4:30pm ET

During this session, pulmonologist and OIF Medical Advisory Council member Dr. Robert Sandhaus will be joined by Admiral Rachel Levine, Assistant Secretary of Health for the US Department of Health and Human Services. During this virtual session, the OIF will ask questions about the current state of the COVID-19 pandemic within the US. Discussion topics will include new and emerging variants, booster shots, vaccine availability for children, and more. The speakers will also be answering audience-submitted questions from registration, so be sure to submit your questions on the registration form. You must register(free of charge) to attend. This session will be recorded and shared on the  OIF’s YouTube channel. 


We encourage you to reach out the OI Foundation with questions or concerns. Feel free to email   

Update on OIF PCORI Awards

The OIF has been approved for the following funding awards through the Eugene Washington PCORI Engagement Awards program, an initiative of the Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute (PCORI):

Improving Patient-Centered Outcomes: Expanding Engagement of the Osteogenesis Imperfecta Community
Project Dates: 6/1/2019—5/31/2020

Project Summary:
As individuals with OI age, a vast array of other collagen-based problems such as gastrointestinal disorders, loss of mobility, impaired dentition, cardiopulmonary deficits, and hearing loss are frequently dominant themes. Lacking is information reflecting the “patient’s voice” about research priorities, quality of life, patient-reported outcomes, clinical best practices, and the natural history of a broad range of clinical and treatment concerns. The absence of this information results in inefficient, fragmented, and perhaps inappropriate care with highly variable outcomes and unnecessary expense. Funding from the Patient-Centered Outcomes Research institute (PCORI) would be used to leverage the ongoing work of the OI Foundation (OIF). Our proposed two-year project has five specific aims; expand the OI stakeholder community focused on performing patient-centered outcomes research (PCOR); expand existing OIF communication and education strategies; establish and extend capacity among the OI community to participate in PCOR activities; develop an OI specific PCOR toolkit and extend the OI PCOR/CER approach and products to support other rare bone disease communities. Achieving these objectives will help improve patient care by engaging all stakeholders (patients, caregivers, clinicians, and researchers) in identifying and prioritizing current gaps in care and treatment.

To achieve these objectives, the project will engage two stakeholder groups: the OI community and the clinicians and researchers that serve them. A diverse PCORI Advisory Board will be recruited from these two stakeholder groups, as will Communications and Education Committees. Communication protocols will be devised that both inform and help to gather important feedback from the patient community. Educational programs describing the import of PCOR will be made a key component of all on-going OIF educational events. Participation from Rare Bone Disease Alliance members will be sought to support both the Board and the two committees.

At the completion of this project, we will have 1) created a community of stakeholders–patient/caregiver/clinicians/researchers — trained in and committed to engaging in PCOR, with specific attention to research topics that the OI community regards as high priority; 2) expanded existing OIF communication and education strategies to create lasting relationships with engaged audiences that ultimately support sustainable participation in PCOR and achieve measurable, usable results that enhance the care of the OI community; 3) established or extended capacity among OI patients, caregivers, clinicians, and researchers in the OI community to participate in PCOR and comparative effectiveness (CER) activities; 4) developed an OI-specific PCOR Toolkit that facilitates sustainable input from the community and promotes dissemination of evidence-based clinical care recommendations to the stakeholder and clinical care community; and 5) extended our OI PCOR/CER approach and products to support other rare bone disease communities.

COVID-19 Enhancement Award 
Project Dates 7/1/2020—8/31/2021

Project Summary:
The enhancement to this project will complement the existing project by ensuring the osteogenesis imperfecta community and the clinicians who treat them are aware of the evolving effects of COVID-19 as they seek to build capacity for PCOR/CER. The Osteogenesis Imperfecta Foundation will convene a panel of experts who will serve as a COVID-19 Task Force. The project team will expand the focus of the PCOR training and toolkit they will create under the existing award to include COVID-19. This inclusion is expected to provide insight into priorities for osteogenesis imperfecta patients.

Leveraging Virtual Communication to Advance PCOR Adoption by the Rare Bone Disease Community 
Project Dates 7/1/20216/30/2022

Project Summary:
Rare Bone Diseases account for 5% of all birth defects and virtually all rare bone diseases cause significant physical disabilities. Patients and caregivers are frequently isolated and uncertain about best care practices. Using virtual technology allows patients and clinicians to connect and to gain knowledge of their rare bone disorder. The project Leveraging Virtual Communication to Advance PCOR Adoption by the Rare Bone Disease Community will work to leverage the relationships among members of the Rare Bone Disease Alliance to host virtual meetings with leaders and stakeholders as well as clinician/researchers who often care for several rare diseases. The Rare Bone Disease Alliance is a network of patient groups and professionals dedicated to improving the lives of people with various rare bone diseases. The aim of the project is to share the successful PCOR experience of the Osteogenesis Imperfecta Foundation with the rare bone disease community. The project will pay particular attention to reaching stakeholders from underrepresented communities. To achieve this goal, the project will convene a series of virtual meetings over one year that enhances collaboration among rare bone disease communities; increases underrepresented community participation in PCORI; engages with stakeholders who may be disadvantaged by the digital divide; initiates an engagement approach that fosters collaboration and partnerships; and develops a road map to implement and sustain robust stakeholder engagement built solely on virtual platforms. The project will convene a series of 3 large group virtual meetings that will introduce PCOR to the rare bone disease communities. In addition, the project will hold several focus group virtual meetings with patients and caregivers to ascertain the barriers to expert care from the patient perspective while identifying potential collaborative clinical research opportunities. The 13 Rare Bone Disease Alliance patient organizations are invited to make up the project’s Advisory Committee along with other stakeholders, including rare bone expert clinicians. The Osteogenesis Imperfecta Foundation serves as the lead patient organization supported by OI expert and orthopedic surgeon Dr. Laura Tosi and Duke University’s Dr. Bryce Reeve, from its Populations Sciences Department, as subcontractors.

Preparing Adults with Osteogenesis Imperfecta to Engage in Research on Access and Quality of Care for Their Rare Disease
Project Dates: 11/01/2021—10/31/2023

Project Summary:
Most pediatric OI patients (up to age 18-22) are cared for at one of over 60 OI clinics located around the country.  Only 5 clinics, however, care for OI patients who are considered of “adult” age. The lack of adult OI care in the US poses significant problems for transition to adult care and access to quality specialty care particularly for individuals living in geographically isolated areas.

To begin to address this problem, we propose to prepare the OI community to be able to compare different strategies for delivering high quality care for widely dispersed individuals with a complex disorder. We will accomplish this by first expanding the reach of our patient-centered outcomes research education efforts to include a diverse group of stakeholders from across the US.  We will then use listening sessions, interviews, and surveys to explore how patient-centered outcomes research might identify opportunities for improving adult OI care. We will explore problems that young adults with OI have as they transition from pediatric to adult care, challenges those older adults with OI encounter as they seek primary and specialty care, difficulties that pediatric OI clinics have as they seek to successfully transition their patients to adult care, and barriers and facilitators that existing adult OI clinics encounter as they seek to provide appropriate and high-quality care to adult patients.

At the completion of this project, we will have significantly expanded the knowledge, competencies, and abilities of persons with OI and other stakeholders to be meaningful partners in future PCOR and CER studies. We will have significantly strengthened the skills of researchers to be better partners with patients and other stakeholders involved in PCOR/CER. We will pursue an aggressive dissemination program, specifically including publications in both the peer-reviewed literature and OI Foundation communications. Over the short term (0-2 years), the findings of this project will provide the foundation for developing future PCOR/CER projects which will identify optimal approaches for enhancing transition and adult care for individuals with OI over the long term (3+ years).